Equestrian Lessons

The lessons to be learnt from horses are wide but below covers a broad outline of what we would offer by qualified and experienced teachers/instructors:

Beginner Riding Classes


  1. Student arrives
  2. Introduce student to horse
  3. Explain how to put a halter and lead rope on
  4. Explain how to hold lead rope so it won't hurt you if the horse pulls away
  5. Show student how to lead horse
  6. Help student lead horse in several large circles
  7. Show student how to stop horse and start
  8. Take horse into barn
  9. Explain how to turn horse around without getting stepped on
  10. Put horse in crossties
  11. Explain what brushes to use and why
  12. Teach student to brush horse, brush mane and tail, pick out hooves
  13. Introduce saddle, bridle, protective boots
  14. Assist student in tacking up horse
  15. Have student put on riding helmet
  16. Student lead horse out to mounting block
  17. Tighten girth and show student how to mount
  18. Help student mount
  19. Adjust stirrups
  20. Explain how to ask the horse to go (do NOT kick!) and stop
  21. Student walks horse
  22. Explain how to turn
  23. Walk beside student on outer edge of rail for about 5 or 6 turns around
  24. Have student make a large circle using half of the arena
  25. Have student stop and start at cones or letters placed around the arena
  26. Have student stop and do mounted exercises (i.e., touch toes, touch bridle, touch tail, reach up high, stand in stirrups, etc.)
  27. Start horse again
  28. Walk over ground poles
  29. Stop and back horse up
  30. Stop, start, and back at cones/letters
  31. Dismount
  32. Take horse back to barn
  33. Teach student how to take off saddle, bridle, and put halter back on
  34. Crosstie horse
  35. Groom horse/hose horse off
  36. Put horse back into its stall
  37. Show student how to put equipment away and stress good care of tack
  38. Lesson is over.

Intermediate Ridding Classes


  1. On ground: walk up to and over jumps to get familiar with them
  2. Tack up horse English
  3. Lead horse around ring and over poles, over small cross rail
  4. Explain about stirrups being shorter for jumping than regular riding
  5. Explain about looking over and past the poles, not at them, and why
  6. Trot in hand, around ring and over poles
  7. Mount horse
  8. Round the world and other stretching exercises
  9. Walk around the ring to warm up
  10. Walk over poles
  11. Walk in large circles on each end of the arena
  12. "Grow tall" to trot, asking with legs to trot and shortening reins
  13. Trot around ring several times, focusing on shoulders back and sitting up straight
  14. Stand at the walk and halt
  15. Stand at the trot (saddle holding allowed)
  16. Sitting trot, focus on sitting up tall in the saddle and letting legs drop, laying softly on horse's sides
  17. Work on picking up the correct diagonal at the trot without looking
  18. Stop at one end of the arena, trot into middle and make a circle, trot to other end of arena and stop.
  19. Ride horse through a slalom - "V" shaped poles set on the ground to create an obstacle course for the horse to work through
  20. Cool horse down by walking
  21. Dismount/untack/put horse away

Show Jumping


  • Apply warm-up routine including 2- and 3-point seat
  • Demonstrate 3- and 2-point seat at the halt, walk, trot and canter
  • Demonstrate riding at speeds up to 350metres/minute
  • Demonstrate 3- and 2-point seat, over a series of trot poles
  • Demonstrate 3- and 2-point seat, over a grid of 3 jumping efforts with trot approach using a placing pole/trot poles in front of the grid (max height 90cm)
  • Demonstrate jumping a single fence with canter approach (height 90cm)
  • Demonstrate jumping related fences with canter approach (height 90cm)
  • Demonstrate jumping a combination with canter approach (height 90cm)
  • Apply a cool-down routine



  • Apply warm-up routine
  • 15m circle left, working trot - Working canter left, 15m circle - Return to working trot
  • Working canter - Change rein on short diagonal (Eg. M to V) - On far side return to working trot before the corner
  • 10m circle left, working trot (sitting) - Change rein - 10m circle right, working trot (sitting)
  • Change rein in working trot showing some moderately lengthened strides with transitions
  • Ride a 20m circle in walk, trot and canter without stirrups
  • Turn onto centreline, working trot - halt at X (no walk) - proceed in working trot (no walk)
  • 10m loop on long side (eg: MXF), working trot
  • Working canter left - show some moderately lengthened strides on long side with transitions
  • Working canter right - show some moderately lengthened strides on long side with transitions
  • Halt - rein back 3-4 steps - proceed in walk
  • Halt - Half turn on the forehand left - Proceed in walk - Halt - Half turn on the forehand right
  • Leg yield left in walk - leg yield left in sitting trot
  • Leg yield right in walk - leg yield right in rising trot
  • Apply cool-down routine

Show Horse Riding

  • appropriate attire and saddlery for handler and horse
  • Perform the following tasks in correct attire for the handler and horse according to the current EA Show Horse rules.
  • Lead the horse according to competition regulations and demonstrate control
  • Show the horse in hand following the correct procedures according to the current EA Show Horse Rules
  • Stand a horse up for presentation to the Judge
  • Their control of the horse while being led
  • Correctness of procedures for showing, running out and standing up the horse for presentation
  • Performance of the elements of the workout individually and as a whole.

Cross Country


  • Ride horse in balance in open terrain and on undulating ground in trot, canter and gallop
  • Demonstrate 3-point seat at the trot and canter in the open
  • Demonstrate 2-point seat at the trot, canter and gallop in the open
  • Demonstrate riding at speeds up to 450/minute
  • Demonstrate jumping a single fence with canter approach (height 80cm)
  • Demonstrate jumping related fences with canter approach (height 80cm)
  • Demonstrate jumping a combination with canter approach (height 80cm)
  • Apply a cool-down routine

Horse Management

Example (Grooming):

  • Describe the preparation and process of clipping
  • Describe safety concerns and measures for the use of electrical equipment around horses
  • Demonstrate pulling the mane (only a couple of 'pulls' required - especially if mane already pulled)
  • Demonstrate pulling the tail (only a couple of 'pulls' required - especially if tail already pulled)
  • Demonstrate safely trimming lower legs, jaw, bridle path and withers, and banging the tail
  • Draw lines with chalk marking out 3 different types of clip on the horse

Example (Horsemanship, Safety & Saddlery):

  • Measure a horse with a measuring stick
  • Estimate a horse's age by its teeth.
  • Identify aspects such as the angle of teeth, grooves and hooks
  • Demonstrate how to trot a horse up to inspect its action
  • Identify any conformation or action defects
  • Bridle the horse and discuss the fitting and action of its bit
  • Demonstrate bandaging both front and hind legs for exercise
  • Discuss the importance of sufficient padding
  • Discuss the importance of even tension while wrapping

General Horse Care:

  • Foot care
  • Mucking out
  • Points of a horse
  • Horse Behaviour
  • Saddlery
  • Grooming
  • Bandaging and rugs
  • Equipment Safety
  • Fitness
  • Handling
  • Loading
  • Lungeing
  • Road Rider
  • Shoeing
  • Worm Control